U.S. Air Force Summer Faculty Fellowship Program

U.S. Air Force Summer Faculty Fellowship Program

U.S. Air Force Summer Faculty Fellowship Program

U.S. Air Force Summer Faculty Fellowship Program

USAFSAM 711 HPW Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

SF.15.14.B0849: Visual Simulation Technology: Operational Based Vision Assessment (OBVA)

Hadley, S

(937) 938-2637

The OBVA Laboratory will utilize high fidelity flight simulation to assess the operational relevance of current vision standards, and develop and validate new metrics of visual performance for present-day pilots, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operators, and other aircrew. Currently, AF vision standards are based primarily on clinical tests. OBVA research projects will assess visual acuity, color vision, stereopsis, and contrast sensitivity and correlate them with operational tasks commonly performed by pilots and other aircrew such as: airborne/ground-based target detection, identification and tracking targets, viewing and interpreting helmet mounted or heads-up displays, aerial refueling, hover/ground clearance, and night vision goggles (NVG) scanning. Operational conditions, such as helicopter whiteout/brownout, haze, fog, canopy distortion, etc., will also be simulated to assess visual performance. This research will be used to improve safety, visual performance and to aid in selection/retention of aircrew. Candidates with demonstrated experience in C++ and/or Matlab programming, 3D graphics development using Open GL, optical distortion simulation/evaluation (e.g. windscreen distortion, etc.) are strongly desired. Candidates will be expected to work with software and hardware designers to extend the capabilities of a custom simulation system; participate in teams that conceive, plan and conduct research on the OBVA Laboratory; and use simulation technology to quantify the relationship between laboratory or clinical measures of visual capabilities and performance in flight-related operational tasks. Selected applicants should expect to work with USAFSAM military and civil service staff, federal contractors, and collaborating university faculty. Key Words: Operationally Based Vision Assessment (OBVA), Computer Science, Simulation Technology, Vision, Optics, Optical Distortion, 3D Graphics, Vision Science Barbur, J., Radriguez-Carmona, M., Evans, S., & Milburn, N. (2009). Minimum Colour Vision requirements for professional flight crew: Recommendations for new colour vision standards (CAA Paper 2009/04). Civil Aviation Authority. Cole, B. and Maddocks, J. (2008). Color vision testing by Farnsworth Lantern and ability to identify approach-path signal colors. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 79 (6), pp. 585 – 590. Delpero, W., O’Neill, H., Casson, E., and Hovis, J. (2005). Aviation-Relevant Epidemiology of Color Vision Deficiency. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 76 (2), pp. 127-133. Diepgen R. Do Pilots Need Stereopsis? Klin Monbl Augenheilkd (1993); 202(2): 94-101. Entzinger J. (2009). The Role of Binocular Cues in Human Pilot Landing Control. Proceedings of Thirteenth Australian Aerospace Conference. Gaska, J., Winterbottom, M., Sweet, W., and Rader, J. (2010). Pixel Size Requirements for Eye-Limited Flight Simulation. Proceedings of the IMAGE 2010 Conference, The IMAGE Society, pp. 123-130. Ginsburg A, Easterly J (1983) Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field performance of pilots. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society. pp 269–273. Ginsburg AP, Evans DW, Sekuler R, Harp SA (1982) Contrast sensitivity predicts pilots’ performance in aircraft simulators. Am J of Optometry and Physiological Optics 59: 105–109. Hong, X. & Regan, D. M. (1989). Visual field defects for unidirectional and oscillatory motion in depth. Vision Research, 29, 809-819. Ishigaki, H. & Miyao, M. (1993). Differences in Dynamic Visual- Acuity between Athletes And Nonathletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77, 835-839. Kruk, R, & Regan, D. (1983). Visual test results compared with flying performance in Telemetry tracked aircraft. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine 54, 906–911. Kruk, R., Regan, D., Beverley, K.I., & Longridge, T. (1983). Flying performance on the Advanced Simulator for Pilot Training and laboratory tests of vision. Human Factors, 25, 457–66. Lloyd, C.J. and Nigus, S. (2012). Effects of stereopsis, collimation, and head tracking on air refueling boom operator performance, Proceedings of the IMAGE Conference, Scottsdale, AZ. Lloyd, C.J. (2012). On the utility of stereoscopic displays for simulation training. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, & Education Conference. Orlando FL. Monlux, D., Finne, H., and Stephens, M. (2010). Color blindness and military fitness for duty: A new look at old standards. Military Medicine, 175, pp. 84 – 86. Prins, N., Gaska, J, and Winterbottom, M. (2016). The Adaptive Psiprdm Method. Presentation at the Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting, St. Pete Beach, FL. Rabin, J., Gooch, J., and Ivan, D. (2011). Rapid quantification of color vision: the cone contrast test. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 52 (2), pp. 816 – 820. Watson, A., Ramirez, C., and Salud, E. (2009). Measuring and predicting visibility of aircraft. PLoS ONE, 4 (5). Winterbottom, M., Lloyd, C., Gaska, J., Wright, S. and Hadley, S. (2016). Stereoscopic Remote Vision System Aerial Refueling Visual Performance. Proceedings of the Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference, San Francisco, CA. Winterbottom, M., Gaska, J., Wright, S., Hadley, S., Lloyd, C., Gao, H., Tey, F., and McIntire, J. Operational Based Vision Assessment: Depth Perception. (2014). Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, 9, pp. 33 – 41. Wood, J. and Owens, A. (2005). Standard Measures of Visual Acuity Do Not Predict Drivers’ Recognition Performance Under Day or Night Conditions. Optometry and Vision Science, 82 (

AFRL/Airman Systems

Dr. Rajesh Naik
AFRL/RH
711th Human Performance Wing (711 HPW/CL)
2610 Seventh St. Bldg 441, Rm 2-101
WPAFB, OH 45433
Telephone: (937) 255-8222
E-mail: 711.HPW.ChiefScientist@us.af.mil